Compliance and communication are essential in the construction process. From the different aspects of construction safety to the use of certified materials, precision and accuracy need to be prioritized throughout each step – and that’s where submittals come in.
Whether you’re a real estate broker, a property developer, or a facility manager, it’s essential to understand submittals’ importance in the construction process.
What Are Construction Submittals?
Submittals include essential documents needed for the construction process, allowing professionals to review all product details with a fine-tooth comb.
Depending on the project’s scope, submittals can include thousands of different items needing to be verified. The detail and accuracy of submittals directly affects the project’s overall success.
How Does the Submittals Process Work?
While certain professionals are called in during specific project points, such as an electrician for wiring or the landscape designer for beautifying outdoor spaces, the submittals process is used throughout various construction phases.
The general contractor (GC) will start the submittals process at the beginning of the project. Drafted documents are used as a reference point throughout the project’s milestones, serving as a communication channel to guide the cost and quality of each step.
The typical construction submittals process is as follows:
- The GC will prepare submittals by identifying necessary items
- The GC and other project stakeholders work together to determine the submittal timeline, submittal requirements, and delivery methods
- Submittals are reviewed by the GC for any further classification or explanation, particularly the construction methods, techniques, and safety protocols
- Once the submittals are deemed compliant by the GC, they are sent to the design team
- Project architects and engineers review the submittals and ensure compliance with the design
- If submittals are rejected at any point, they are sent back for revisions
Ultimately, the contractor drafts the submittal schedule which is incorporated into the construction schedule. Peripheral details are calculated according to the submittal requirements.
What’s Included in a Submittal?
All equipment and material need to be reviewed and approved before a project begins. To prevent any holdups down the line, submittals should be extensive and include all the following:
- Shop drawings that outline the specifications and dimensions for all project components
- Production specifications and technical data
- Product samples
- Color sheets
- Finish selections
- Material data
- Production cut sheets that specify the manufacturer, specifications, and model number
- Refer to the Buy American Act when applicable
Different Types of Submittals
While the description of construction submittals is used as a blanket term, there are different types of submittals depending on the project standards and the subcontractors involved.
Some of the most common submittals include:
Samples need to be reviewed by architects and designers to ensure that the materials fulfill the design specifications. Product samples include the likes of paint or flooring.
Shop drawings include blueprints and diagrams pinpointing where prefabricated components will be added. For example, structural steel components and engineered joists should be included.
Commonly known as red-line or record drawings, these details include a revised set of drawings that contractors hand to the designer after completing the project. It allows all team members to better understand the project’s construction.
Also known as product data, these submittals include all dimensions, characteristics, and warranty information about the materials used in the project.
Why Are Submittals Important?
Construction submittals serve a crucial role in smooth execution and successful project completion.
In particular, submittals play a key role in ensuring:
- Building systems, such as elevators, have the correct utility connections and structural support
- Optimal working conditions for the building contractors
- Previously assembled items are ordered correctly for new construction
- The end result aligns with the design and specifications determined by architects and engineers
- The completed building is safe for occupants, and its intended use
- Building construction is completed according to cost, quality and schedule objectives
Konrad Construction and Compliant Construction
Submittals play an essential role in a smooth and compliant construction project, involving all stages of the construction process. From construction contractors to architects and vendors, submittals ensure everyone is on the same page.
At Konrad Construction, we pride ourselves on being a committed and quality-driven construction company, offering a range of construction services. Whether you’re looking for new construction contractors or fixturing and carpentry, we’ve got you covered. Contact us today to find out more!